The motion was Čáslavská’s silent protest towards the latest Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Her protest was repeated when she accepted her medal for her flooring exercise routine when the judges modified the preliminary scores of the Soviet Larisa Petrik to permit her to tie with Čáslavská for the gold. The Winter Olympics was created to feature snow and ice sports that were logistically impossible to hold through the Summer Games.
- It was first organised by the lawyer Robert Dover between 1612 and 1642, with several later celebrations leading as much as the present day.
- Accusations had been waged against a number of athletes suspected of using anabolic steroids to boost performance.
- The IX Olympiad featured a number of new games, including gymnastics for women and men’s track and area events, but most notably the IOC added the Olympics Torch and lighting ceremonies to the Games’ repertoire this 12 months.
The abuse of novice guidelines by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to the acceptance of professional athletes taking part on the Games. The rising importance of mass media has created the issue of company sponsorship and basic commercialisation of …